We all know the story of the three little piglets. One builds a house out of straw, the other out of sticks, and the third takes the time to build his house out of bricks. The first two houses fall easily before the big bad wolf, but the brick house stands firm and shows the importance of hard work and choosing the right building material for your building. You can also search for construction materials online offer.
While there is no big bad wolf coming to destroy your home or business, it is also true that some building materials are better suited for your project than others. Today, most buildings are made of wood, steel, concrete or masonry. Each material has its own strengths and weaknesses to consider.
In most cases, engineers and architects use a combination of these materials in their designs to achieve a balance between cost, aesthetics, structural integrity and durability. We will take a detailed look at the strengths and weaknesses of these materials so you can take an active role in evaluating your building design.
What is Wood and How to use in Construction Industry?
- For thousands of years, people have used wood to construct shelters and buildings. Despite centuries of technological advancements and the invention of numerous synthetic materials, wood remains a popular choice for construction.
- The popularity of wood is due to the fact that it is relatively inexpensive. It is also lightweight and easy to work with. It acts like an insulator, letting warm air in and cold air out.
- And while it may seem that cutting down trees to construct buildings is bad for the environment, wood can be an environmentally friendly option when purchased from a responsible wood supplier that adheres to sustainable forestry principles. Wood also has a smaller carbon footprint than other materials because less water and energy are used in its production.
- However, wood has several disadvantages. It is not always ideal for supporting heavy weights, so wood is not the best choice for high-rise buildings. And unlike some synthetic materials, wood “only” lasts a few hundred years before it finally decays. It is also susceptible to fire and moisture and can be attacked by destructive termites.
- In an effort to address some of the shortcomings of traditional wood, manufacturers have developed several types of engineered wood products. These are building materials made by combining wood particles, fibers, threads or veneers to form a composite material.
- Designed and manufactured to exacting specifications, these composites often withstand such high loads that they can replace steel and concrete in some structures. They can also have moisture- and fire-resistant properties. It should be noted, however, that these strong materials can have a higher price tag than traditional lumber.
- Steel is a popular building material because it is strong and not very heavy. This makes it an ideal material for large multi-story buildings, industrial and manufacturing facilities. Unlike wood, steel is moisture resistant and impervious to termites and fire. It is also much more durable than wood.
How to Use Steel Making a Building?
- Unlike masonry, steel allows you to create wide, open structures while maintaining the structural integrity of the building. It’s also malleable, which gives designers the freedom to find more unconventional building shapes.
- As an industrial material, steel materials are durable and predictable, making repeatability, precision and accurate craftsmanship easy to achieve.
- However, using steel to frame a building is more expensive than wood. A good structural engineer will be able to save money by using enough steel to build the building safely and withstand the above loads, controlling and limiting unnecessary costs.
- While steel is an attractive alternative to wood because of its greater strength and durability, it is more expensive.
Combination for Concrete and Cement
- Concrete is a combination of cement, aggregates such as sand or stone, and water. This mixture is poured into molds, which then dry and harden to form everything from walls to support beams to paving stones.
- Concrete is durable and strong, making it a great foundation for your building. It can support the weight of the structure above it and can also withstand the wet soil that surrounds it.
Concrete can also be used to construct entire buildings. It is low maintenance, durable, and can withstand various environmental stresses. Concrete can be reinforced with steel for added strength.